Malignant Mesothelioma – Symptoms, and Treatment
Malignant Mesothelioma is a disease that affects mesothelioma (a thin layer of tissue that covers the heart, lungs, and other internal organs). In the accompanying picture, you see a magnified view of the mesothelial cell tumor that forms the nose papillary. Photo by: Vet Pathologist / Shatrastak
A malignant mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that grows in the thin layer of the tissue of the heart, lungs and other internal organs. The membrane, called mesothelioma, protects the organs, in the way that it produces a fluid so that the lungs can move during so-called breathing.
According to the information published by the Mesothelium Cancer Society, there are three types of malignant mesothelioma: pleural mesothelioma, which occurs in the lung or pleural lining. Peritoneal mesothelioma occurs in the abdominal wall or peritoneal wall, and mesothelioma of the pericardium occurs in the inner lining of the heart or pericardium.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is the most common type, with about 70% of cases diagnosed with mesothelioma. 15 to 20 percent of diagnostic cases are peritoneal mesothelioma. While mesothelioma of the pericardium accounts for about 10 percent of diagnostic cases.
More info About Malignant Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma, irrespective of its type, is rare. According to the American Lung Association, around 2000 or 3,000 people are diagnosed every year in the United States alone.
The main risk factor for mesothelioma is malignant contact with asbestos. Natural asbestos, silicate minerals Silica is a rock and soil fiber that is heat resistant and very durable. Previously, asbestos was used to make many products from insulated to automotive parts, until the risks of using it in the 1970s were more widely known. According to the American Lung Association, 70 to 80 percent of those diagnosed with mesothelioma have been severely exposed to asbestos.
“Exposure to asbestos through work with insulation, construction, or work in textile factories, shipbuilding or manufacturing,” said Dr. Megan Bomaghart, an assistant professor at the Hematology / Cancer Department at the Wilmot Cancer Institute in Rochester, New York. Exposure to asbestos workers’ work clothes causes a six-fold increase in the risk of lung cancer and mesothelioma, a risk to those who smoke in addition to exposure to asbestos, significantly Higher. ”
According to information released by the Environmental Protection Agency, what makes the asbestos hazardous is that its fibers are microscopic and up to 1200 times smaller than a human hair. The small size of asbestos particles makes it easy to inhale. The small fibers enter the body and then hide in the internal tissue of the respiratory tract, such as the lining of the lining and the inner cavity tissue. If these particles enter the tissues, it will be very difficult to get rid of them.
Symptoms of Malignant Mesothelioma
According to the American Lung Association, symptoms typically occur between 35 and 50 years after exposure to asbestos, so when a person with mesothelioma is diagnosed, it is typically over 65 years of age.
Symptoms vary depending on where cancer grows. According to the Mayo Clinic, mesothelioma pleural, which affects the tissue around the lungs, include chest pain, shortness of breath, painful cough, unexplained weight loss, and subcutaneous tissue mass in the chest.
Also, according to the Mayo Clinic, in mesothelioma of the peritoneum that occurs in the abdomen, there are signs of pain, swelling or abdominal mass and unexplained weight loss.
This scanning electron microscope (SEM CDC) with a magnification of over 5,000 times shows some microcrystalline ultrastructures in a piece of crystally-crude or white asbestos.
Diagnosis and treatment of Malignant Mesothelioma
Despite the great symptoms of mesothelioma, it is difficult to diagnose, because many of its symptoms are common with other diseases. Physicians usually undergo a physical examination for diagnosis and use X-rays and CT (Scan) to determine if the patient’s body has any mesothelioma-compatible impairment. According to the recommendation of the Mayo Clinic, if the doctor is suspected of having mesothelioma, a biopsy is also done from the affected area.
If mesothelioma is detected, then the doctor will “diagnose” the diagnosis, which means that cancer will be defined in severity. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), the staging is divided into three groups, collectively called TNM. “T” stands for the extent of the primary tumor, “N” stands for the spread of cancer to adjacent lymph nodes. And “M “The abbreviation stands for whether metastatic cancer is spread to other organs.
After identifying cancer staging, you can then design a treatment plan. Although there is no cure for mesothelioma, cross-sectional treatments can be effective in increasing the patient’s life expectancy.
According to information from the American National Library of Medicine, radiotherapy, surgery, and chemotherapy are used for people with mesothelioma. Surgery is used in rare cases where the patient has been healthy from other perspectives. But according to the Cancer Society. malignant mesothelioma is often diagnosed when it spreads to other organs.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two drugs to treat malignant mesothelioma. According to the National Cancer Institute, these drugs include pemetrexed disodium. (Sold in the United States by the name Alimta) and Cipollini (sold under the brand name Platinol and Platinol-AQ)